Personnel Expenses and Employee Numbers

Personnel expenses for Continuing operations Sales and earnings reporting for continuing operations pertains only to business operations that are expected to remain in the company’s portfolio for the foreseeable future; opposite of discontinued operations. rose in 2016 by €181 million to €11,357 million (2015: €11,176 million). The change was mainly due to compensation adjustments and increases in employee bonuses, which together offset opposing currency effects.

Personnel Expenses

 

 

2015

 

2016

 

 

€ million

 

€ million

2015 figures restated

Salaries

 

8,991

 

9,171

Social expenses and expenses for pensions and other benefits

 

2,185

 

2,186

of which for defined contribution pension plans

 

557

 

581

of which for defined benefit and other pension plans

 

503

 

483

Total

 

11,176

 

11,357

The personnel expenses shown here do not contain the interest portion of the allocation to personnel-related provisions – mainly for pensions and other post-employment benefits – which is included in the financial result under other financial expenses (the Note “Financial Result”).

The average numbers of employees, classified by corporate function, were as shown in the table below:

Employees

 

 

2015

 

2016

2015 figures restated

Production

 

51,280

 

50,326

Marketing and distribution

 

42,212

 

40,756

Research and development

 

14,462

 

15,016

General administration

 

9,376

 

9,590

Total

 

117,330

 

115,688

Apprentices

 

2,332

 

2,393

The number of employees on either permanent or temporary contracts is stated in full-time equivalents (FTE), with part-time employees included on a pro-rated basis in line with their contractual working hours. The figures do not include apprentices.